Elsewhere in the province, most settlers lived along the shores of the St. Lawrence, but settlements were beginning to take root in the Laurentians, on the shores of the Ottawa, Saint-Maurice and Saguenay Rivers, and in the Eastern Townships. It was a November election that shook a country and left many uneasy about what would happen next. Unauthorized distribution, transmission or republication strictly prohibited. “With a slight smile on his lips, a triumphant Cultural Development Minister Camille Laurin last night watched his long-nurtured Charter of the French Language pass in the National Assembly by 54 votes against 32,” the Gazette reported. If you don't see it please check your junk folder. Quebec nationalism and the exodus just accelerated that demise. Image Not Found. Almost half the population (42.5%) lived in the Montréal area. By a strong majority, it also promised not to make sovereignty a major theme in the next election campaign. Walker’s parents and his younger sister stayed in Toronto. Finally. Thanks to the federal Massey Report in 1951, there was a push to create a Canadian culture so we could tell the difference between ourselves and citizens of the United States. “To me, the exodus was a story I wanted to tell. The three years that followed would see Lévesque reposition himself and his party as more than a movement of constitutional change. Current PQ leader Jean-François Lisée has taken a page from Lévesque’s playbook. Sign up to receive daily headline news from the Montreal Gazette, a division of Postmedia Network Inc. Read more about cookies here. It felt like the breakup of our family.”. Local historians trace the roots of the community to Henry Joseph, a British quartermaster in Gen. James Wolfe’s army who became a merchant. We have enabled email notifications—you will now receive an email if you receive a reply to your comment, there is an update to a comment thread you follow or if a user you follow comments. Star Newspapers Limited and/or its licensors. show items. “I should be crying,” she tells her children. In his autobiography, Lévesque described the election night scene at the Paul Sauvé arena: “It was more than a sweep, it was a tidal wave, breaking in from everywhere to carry away the joyful crowd of adults laughing with tears in their eyes, children perched on their shoulders thrilled and amazed at this political Christmas party, the fleur de lys floating triumphantly over the sea of faces, all our veterans elected and re-elected, crazy artist-types welcoming the poet Gérald Godin, who had just tasted sweet revenge by defeating the man who had him locked up in October 1970. “At 9:31 p.m. René Lévesque came on stage, alone. For instance, there was a belief that only rich people from Westmount left and the total numbers were underestimated. Quebec / English Exodus #494798 NBC Evening News for Wednesday, Jul 06, 1977 View other clips in this broadcast → Material supplied by VTNA may be used for educational analysis or research only. The PQ, with only six seats, therefore, was the Official Opposition, squaring off against Bourassa’s 102 Members of the National Assembly (MNAs). Here are five key moments in René Lévesque’s first mandate as premier. permissions/licensing, please go to: www.TorontoStarReprints.com. And the young generation isn’t interested in the old French-English conflicts” that sparked an exodus of people, capital, and businesses when the separatist Parti Quebecois won election in 1976. History does record an exodus of corporate head offices and anglophones after the 1976 election of the first Parti Quebecois government, which was … Many tempers flared during this time and … It failed to elect a single candidate out of a full slate of 110. The sense we are left with is that she feels overwhelmingly comforted by the awareness of being home at last. 365 Bloor Street East, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3L4. This social justice movement unleashed dramatic cultural and political changes that led to the separatist movement, the FLQ terrorist crisis and, ultimately, the exodus of … John Walker’s ancestors had come from Scotland and Ireland, and had considered Quebec home for 150 years on one side and 250 years on the other. To order copies of Between 1971 and 1981, the English-speaking population of Montreal declined by nearly 100,000; over the next 20 years – which included another referendum in 1995, that only kept Quebec … It promises not to hold a referendum on independence if it wins the next election. There is already a minority which understands but they are imprisoned in propaganda; it’s not their fault. For years, Bussee had hoped the ministry would help "cure" his homosexuality, but three years after founding Exodus, he had a change of heart. 4.7 (198) View menu only. “We promise there won’t be a referendum out of respect to the majority decision of May 20,” Lévesque said. To order Movies, especially Le chat dans le sac, a 1964 feature made at the NFB by Gilles Groulx, helped create a mythology, an identity and a back story for those who grew up in the province speaking and living entirely in French, while feeling surrounded by millions of others in North America who spoke only English. We apologize, but this video has failed to load. Since the PQ's first election win in 1976 and the subsequent 1980 sovereignty referendum, Quebec's English speaking population has declined by thousands of people. tap here to see other videos from our team, 49 per cent of the overall vote and 80 of 122 seats. English Quebec reached its zenith sometime around Expo 67. After losing the 1980 sovereignty referendum, the Parti Québécois shelves sovereignty. Watch Queue Queue. Comments may take up to an hour for moderation before appearing on the site. The exodus started four decades ago and eventually close to 500,000 people who had considered Quebec their home for generations left the province. That’s when the first bombs went off in Westmount mailboxes near the school where John Walker’s grandmother taught. Starting in 1976 it governed the province for long periods and twice tried to prise it away from the rest of Canada through referendums (in 1980 and 1995). Instead, she’s laughing. As Denys Arcand, the elder statesman of Quebec cinema, tells Walker on camera: “They couldn’t care less.”. The major change, he explains, was there were more jobs open to French workers and more houses available in Westmount at lower prices. Please try again. Premier Robert Bourassa’s Liberals hung on to only 26 ridings. I happened to watch this fascinating and sad film during Passover, so it struck me as a contemporary postscript to the flight of the Israelites from Egypt thousands of years ago. But it was an unasked question that kept me wondering: Why hasn’t there been a movie chronicling the mass exodus of English-speaking Canadians from Quebec made before now? This was a tense period in Canadian history where the the Question was about Quebec's future in Canada. Using data from the 1976, 1981, and 1986 Censuses for Ontario, components of change in the elderly population are obtained by cohort survival methods. Michael Chang and Dan Shields gave you the cliché version. ... 1976 – 1979 . Newspapers Limited, One Yonge Street, 4th floor, Toronto, ON, M5E 1E6. The future film director grew up in the Town of Mount Royal, where most of the neighbours were Jewish. Quebec My Country Mon Pays charts the aftermath of Quebec’s Quiet Revolution in the 1960s. During the postwar period of the late 1940s and ’50s, the fundamental change of attitude for most French-speaking Quebec was not antagonism to English-speaking neighbours, at least not initially. Before long, the PQ government introduced Bill 101, making French the only official language of the province. … The arena erupted in an ovation that continued for well over five minutes, as if, in a final shout of emotion, the crowd could turn back the sea of No votes. In rapid succession, the community was rocked by the FLQ crisis of 1970, the election of a Parti Québécois government in 1976 and a referendum on independence in 1980, all accompanied by a steady exodus of more than 300,000 capitalists, workers, students and artists. Many were well-educated young people fed up with political uncertainty, French-only language laws and public discourse often viewed as intolerant, if not outright anti-Semitic. Watch Queue Queue Instead of being a gloomy scene, joy and relief balance the sadness. That’s exactly what he does in this feature-length doc, with the help of many people who lived through it, including poets, politicians and filmmakers on both sides of the linguistic and cultural divide. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was talking about unilaterally repatriating the constitution. In 2014, in Quebec’s last provincial election, the PQ with Pauline Marois at the helm saw its popular vote fall to 25 per cent, the lowest score since the party’s first election, in 1970. This website uses cookies to personalize your content (including ads), and allows us to analyze our traffic. Liberal leader Claude Ryan was a lacklustre campaigner. “I had no idea why the French didn’t like us.”. It was then that he started to feel the uncomfortable sense of being part of a minority group. It was clear the party was over for people like the Walkers. After a bruising, five-week campaign, Quebecers wanted to be heard — 85.6 per cent of eligible voters cast ballots. Assouline said buyers fear property values will plummet amid an exodus of residents from the mainly English-speaking areas such as after the 1976 election, the first time the PQ took power. Independence was on the back burner. René Lévesque takes to the microphone after the Parti Québécois victory in the 1976 election. Copyright owned or licensed by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited. presentation-ready copies of Toronto Star content for distribution Some had counted the PQ out after the stinging referendum defeat, but despite the rejection of “sovereignty-association,” Lévesque remained a heroic figure in much of Quebec. Some 30,000 to 40,000 Jews are believed to have left Quebec in the years following the Parti Quebecois’ rise to power in 1976. The only violence in the early days was over hockey: the 1955 riot at the Forum in response to the suspension of Maurice “Rocket” Richard. John Walker, a veteran National Film Board of Canada director and writer, was among them and so were his parents. battle of the bays american tour 2017imperial bell quebec city 22/09/2017 More than 5,000 sovereignists “had gathered at Paul Sauvé Arena, to sing and chant and weep together,” Graham Fraser related in his 1984 book, PQ: René Lévesque and the Parti Québécois in Power. 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